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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Abundance trend with condensation temperature for stars with different Galactic birth places

V. Zh. Adibekyan, E. Delgado Mena, P. Figueira, S. G. Sousa, N. C. Santos, J. I. González Hernández, I. Minchev, J. P. Faria, G. Israelian, G. Harutyunyan, L. Suárez-Andrés, A. A. Hakobyan

Context. During the past decade, several studies reported a correlation between chemical abundances of stars and condensation temperature (also known as Tc trend). However, the real astrophysical nature of this correlation is still debated.
Aims: The main goal of this work is to explore the possible dependence of the Tc trend on stellar Galactocentric distances, Rmean.
Methods: We used high-quality spectra of about 40 stars observed with the HARPS and UVES spectrographs to derive precise stellar parameters, chemical abundances, and stellar ages. A differential line-by-line analysis was applied to achieve the highest possible precision in the chemical abundances.
Results: We confirm previous results that [X/Fe] abundance ratios depend on stellar age and that for a given age, some elements also show a dependence on Rmean. When using the whole sample of stars, we observe a weak hint that the Tc trend depends on Rmean. The observed dependence is very complex and disappears when only stars with similar ages are considered.
Conclusions: To conclude on the possible dependence of the Tctrend on the formation place of stars, a larger sample of stars with very similar atmospheric parameters and stellar ages observed at different Galactocentric distances is needed.

Based on observations collected with the HARPS spectrograph at the 3.6-m telescope (program ID: 095.D-0717(A)), installed at the La Silla Observatory, ESO (Chile), with the UVES spectrograph at the 8-m Very Large Telescope (program ID: 095.D-0717(B)), installed at the Cerro Paranal Observatory, ESO (Chile). Also based on data obtained from the ESO Science Archive Facility under request numbers: vadibekyan180760, vadibekyan180762, vadibekyan180764, vadibekyan180768, vadibekyan180769, vadibekyan180771, vadibekyan180773, vadibekyan180778, and vadibekyan180779.Tables with stellar parameters and chemical abundances are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ( or via

techniques: spectroscopic, stars: abundances, stars: atmospheres, Galaxy: disk, Galaxy: evolution

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 592
August 2016

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