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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Two modified ILC methods to detect point sources in Cosmic Microwave Background maps
An approach with local background subtraction

R. Vio, P. Andreani, E. P. G. Ramos, A. C. da Silva

We propose two detection techniques that take advantage of a small sky area approximation and are based on modifications of the internal linear combination (ILC) method, an approach widely used in Cosmology for the separation of the various components that contribute to the microwave background. The main advantage of the proposed approach, especially in handling multi-frequency maps of the same region, is that it does not require the a priori knowledge of the spatial power-spectrum of either the CMB and/or the Galactic foreground. Hence, it is more robust, easier and more intuitive to use. The performance of the proposed algorithms is tested with numerical experiments that mimic the physical scenario expected for high Galactic latitude observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA).

Astronomy and Astrophysics (Submitted)

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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